This qualitative study will examine community-based peacebuilding programs and practices to identify ways in which such work helps to develop individual and group consciousness as a prerequisite for social change and sustainable peace in Burundi and Sierra Leone. We will examine the underlying educational beliefs, strategies, measures of effectiveness of such programs, and the extent to which they help individuals and groups develop critical social consciousness and articulate new questions as they deconstruct human conflict in terms of its roots, broad consequences, and associated responsibilities, and develop the dispositions, skills, and commitments necessary to actively contribute to profound social change and lasting peace.
Dr. Elavie Ndura-Ouédraogo is a tenured Associate Professor of Education in the George Mason University's Initiatives in Educational Transformation program in the College of Education and Human Development. She is author/co-author of 4 forthcoming books: Building Cultures of Peace: Transdisciplinary Voices of Hope and Action; Critical Pedagogy as Peace Education: Creating Hope for the African Great Lakes Region; 147 Tips for Teaching Peace and Reconciliation; and Seeds Bearing Fruit: Pan-African Peace Action for the Twenty-First Century. Dr. Ndura-Ouédraogo co-edited Seeds of New Hope: Pan-African Peace Studies for the Twenty-first Century and a forthcoming book, Building Cultures of Peace: Transdisciplinary Voices of Hope and Action. Her scholarly articles have appeared in Harvard Educational Review; Journal of Peace Education; Peace and Change; Journal of Adult and Adolescent Literacy; Language, Culture and Curriculum; Multicultural Perspectives; Multicultural Education; American Secondary Education; Intercultural Education; Culture of Peace Online Journal; and other publications. She is currently serving on the board of PJSA (as publications chair) and the Peace Education Special Interest Group of the American Educational Association (AERA).
Dr. Patricia A. Maulden is Assistant Professor of Conflict Resolution Practice and Director of the Dialogue and Difference Project with the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution (ICAR) at George Mason University. Dr. Maulden's research interests include generational and gendered dynamics of conflict and peace, social militarization / demilitarization processes, urbanization, and conflict resolution practice. Her primary research explores child soldiers, girl soldiers, and sustainable peace processes such as disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration. She also examines community based peacemaking programs that focus on gangs in the United States as well as the role of NGOs and international interventions into post-conflict economies. Her current research explores peace education programs in post-conflict countries. In addition to teaching at ICAR, she designed the curriculum and tutors the online module, Conflict Management, as part of the Master of Arts Program, International Relations Online at Freie Universität Berlin. As a practitioner, Dr. Maulden has conducted seminars on interpersonal conflict resolution, facilitated intergenerational and interethnic dialogues, and served as a restorative justice practitioner. As Director of the Dialogue and Difference Project at George Mason University, she plans dialogue events, trains student facilitators, and writes practice related curriculum for the undergraduate program.